Acne is a very common skin disorder that affects most of the population at some points in their lives. There are varying degrees of acne, which usually affects the face but may also affect the back, neck, and chest.
Since 1999, Flint + Flint has achieved significant results through the use of tried and tested treatments that greatly reduce or remove the signs of acne effectively and quickly, leaving you with a clear complexion and ready to face the world confidently.
What Is Acne?
Acne is caused by inflammation of the small oil glands that surround fine hairs and in some cases, hormonal changes like pregnancy or menstrual periods can cause or contribute to acne and effect clients age 40+.
Acne can be triggered by a number of factors:
Propionibacterium is found naturally on the skin, it feeds on fatty acids in sebum, deep in the hair follicle. Problems with acne bacteria only occur when they multiply out of control causing a bacterial infection. It isn’t the bacteria itself that causes acne. Your body’s immune system attacks a large number of bacteria but as a result, also kills healthy skin cells. This reddens and inflames the skin resulting in pimples when they break free from the pore and later, nodules and cysts.
Given its name because of the way the skin problem develops in response to hormonal changes. Its often occurs during puberty due to the increase in production of testosterone. This causes greasy skin because it increases the production of sebum oil, which then mixes with dead skin cells and bacteria on the skin's surface and blocks the pores.
Bacteria multiply in the blocked pore causing an inflammation which leads to spots and pustules. Pregnancy and Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) are two of the most common causes of hormonal acne among women.
Stress / Immune System Acne
A side effect of stress can often be breakouts and spots. The skin cells that produce sebum have receptors for stress hormones (corticotropin-releasing hormone - CRH) and an increase in production of these hormones aggravates skin, producing more oils and setting the stage for acne. The body also takes longer to heal when under stress which aids in the development of acne.
Genetics does play a part in susceptibility to acne. Our genetic blueprint influences thickness of skin, oily tendencies of the skin and basic hormone responses, this does not mean however that you will get acne because your parents did but your genetic predisposition can attribute to sebum production.
Certain medications can change our hormones levels. This can affect our sebum production and lead to blocked pores. For example, the contraceptive pill generates synthetically made hormones that have strong Androgenic (male hormone) responses.
We’re all familiar with the affect pollution and daily dirt and grime have on our skin. When dirt gets trapped in pores it causes inflammation and spots.
Not all acne is inflammatory. Simple blackheads and whiteheads - may not be inflamed. Pimples called papules, pustules, nodules, and cysts - in order of rising severity - are inflamed. Acne can take varying forms:
1 - Whiteheads
2 - Blackheads
3 - Sebaceous Filaments
4 - Papules
5 - Pustules
6 - Nodules and Cysts
7 - Rosacea
Acne treatments work best through a combination of different treatments rather than a single type of treatment. Our fully trained staff will meet with you to discuss your options and develop a personalised treatment plan to help you overcome your acne. This may include the use of Chemical Peels, Laser treatment and take home product.
- Effective results for face, body and back
- An extensive list of happy clients
- Administered in our clinics by qualified professionals who have been treating clients with acne for more than 20 years.
- Salicylic Acid Peel has antiseptic, bacteriostatic and fungicidal properties that help to clear impurities. It combats whiteheads and skin blemishes ideal for combating whiteheads and skin blemishes while reducing inflammation in the deeper layers of the skin.
- Azelan Peel is a specially formulated acne peel that combines Salicylic Acid and Azelaic acid. These ingredients have keratolytic and comedolytic action qualities and are antimicrobial against Propionibacterium acnes and Staphylococcus epidermis.
They lift dead cells off the skin’s surface and stimulates the metabolism of the cells underneath. With a series of Azelan Peels, you can quickly achieve substantial improvement in the appearance of acne and epidermal hyperpigmentation.
We also offer the Acnelan Peel which is a stronger version of this peel and needs to be performed by a Doctor or Nurse Prescriber.
- Modified Jessner Peel helps to reduce follicle blockages while calming any inflamed irritation. The Jessner Peel controls oil production and clients also find it reduces the pigmentation from scars.
Contain active ingredients to correct skin imperfections. Combining acne focused products with in-clinic treatment to get the very best results. You may be advised to use specific post-treatment products that control oil production and bacteria to maintain once desired results have been achieved.
A common problem after moderate or severe acne has been treated. We have a number of treatment options that can improve their appearance dependant of the severity of the scars. Find out more about our treatments for scarring here.